I was listening to National Public Radio this morning and heard a piece describing the use of Neurofeedback as treatment for ADHD. The presenter was a mom who was treated with it first and then decided to treat her 12-year-old son. The presentation summed up the positive and negative aspects of the treatment very well. On the positive side, it has been shown to work, although it is not clear how long the effects last when the active treatment stops. On the negative side, it is complex, expensive and time consuming. Furthermore, it is difficult to evaluate practitioners who provide the service.
What is Neurofeedback? Essentially it involves a limited EEG or electo-encephalogram, during which electrodes are attached to the patient's scalp so that the patient's brainwaves can be displayed to him or her. The patient then concentrates on increasing certain brain waves that are associated with better concentration and decreasing those that are produced with distraction. It is "biofeedback for the brain" and is provided by a subset of biofeedback centers that have the right equipment and personnel trained to use it.